Because the outside of a bale can be misleading, especially if it was situated on the edge of a stack with exposure to the sun or other elements, appraisal necessitates breaking open several bales. Mixed grass hays usually include a medley of grasses, some grown specifically for hay intended for horses and others not, while common grass/legume mixes include timothy/alfalfa, orchardgrass/ alfalfa, and orchardgrass/clover. Our Bagged Meadow Hay is an all round Hay for horses and ponies in low to medium work. Entering your postal code will help us provide news or event updates for your area. The first involves improvement of the land. This will bury the seeds too deep for them to germinate. Some varieties may have very long and obvious awns, but others may have shorter awns that you need to look for. If, on the other hand, the occasional stem is brown but the leaves are green and well-anchored to the stem, then the hay is probably still nutritious. Certain horse owners associate clover with excessive salivation. Warm-season grasses include Bermuda grass (referred to as coastal), bromegrass, and most recently teff. High quality hay can be an excellent source of nutrition for - including protein and calcium - for horses and ponies and is a very palatable feed.. The opposite is often true with legumes, and these hays sometimes have an abundance of stems and few leaves. “Maturity is judged by the number and age of the seed heads, ratio of leaves and stalks, color, and texture. Bagged Meadow Hay. Probes are used to collect hay samples for chemical analysis and nutrient determination. Hay collected in the probe should be assessed just as carefully as that in entire bales. While alfalfa is the most well-known legume hay, clover hays are appropriate for horses, even if they are not as popular with horse owners as alfalfa. Early-maturity hays are softer to the touch than late-maturity ones.” As with legumes, Crandell checks for dust and unusual odor indicative of mold. Horse owners have found that Timothy hay promotes a shiny coat, good digestion, bowel regularity, and a healthy weight. I'm always open to change if it benefits my horses! Foxtail is a summer annual grass, meaning it grows from seed in the spring and dies in the fall. Timothy Hay and Native Mountain Meadow High Altitude Grass Hay Mix Our high altitude grown grass hay is a high-quality mix of premium Horizon variety Timothy hay with some Meadow Foxtail hay and native meadow, high altitude grasses and clovers, which is an excellent blend for pleasure, ranch and rodeo horses and especially for prize race horses. All Rights Reserved. Feeding meadow rolls at the moment and the horses are doing a little too well on it.Theres a lot of clover in it.I swap and change between oaten and meadow depending on which is the better quality. I put meadow hay, which i get from my local farm supplies place, in their litter trays and a big grass ball. The most popular choices for grasses to be utilized as horse hay are Timothy Grass and Orchard Grass making them the big two forage grasses. Foxtail does not have corms. From a nutritional standpoint, clovers and alfalfa are very similar: higher in calcium and protein, and more calorie-dense than grass hays. A profusion of leaves and few stems indicates that the hay was made at the desired maturity and that few leaves came loose during baling. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. There are three important things to remember with this method: There is one pre-emergent herbicide approved for pasture use in Pennsylvania called Prowl H2O that you apply in the spring, before the foxtail seedlings emerge, that will prevent them from growing. Timothy is typically harvested two times per season, the first cutting in early summer and the second cutting in late summer or early fall. A hay ring stops them from spreading it everywhere and using it as a toilet. You don't need to feed out quite as much lucerne as you do meadow. This means they can get too many calories and not enough fiber. Timothy has no awns. Because it's a grass, it is nearly impossible to eradicate with herbicides that won't also damage your desirable grass. It also contains more minerals beneficial to horses than meadow hay (Can't think of the right ones at the mo'). To determine the type of grass, seed heads are the most telling, though blade characteristics are also useful. Photo: Ohio State University. If it is bright green, then I know the hay was likely cut at an appropriate time, that it was probably not rained on after cutting, and that it dried quickly and was baled in a timely manner. For some horse owners, the gold standard among grass hays is timothy due largely to its extreme palatability. It provides some variety, although this is not necessarily an advantage, as rabbits often pick out the bits they like, usually the more calorific bits, and leave the rest. Almost all hay has some dust, but if a large cloud erupts, it’s probably best to pass but imperatively so if you have a horse with a respiratory ailment aggravated by dust. Timothy grass hay is commonly fed to horses, as well as cattle. i generally feed both meadow and timothy hay (2nd cut). Subscribe to Equinews and get the latest equine nutrition and health news delivered to your inbox. If a horse really is sensitive to NSC content, the "safest" hays would be coastal Bermuda or timothy cut early in the day, after a warm night and recent rainfall. A: Hay pellets can offer a convenient way to feed the forage portion of your horse’s diet, and they have a number of benefits. This hay can be shipped anywhere in the UK as compressed 20kg bales. Right image: Foxtail: Fringe of fine hairs at collar. “Fescue blades roll up lengthwise when dried, while orchardgrass blades dry open, so it is very easy to distinguish these two plants. Color is not the end-all, be-all in determining hay quality, but it can be a clue to how it was made. Known as slaframine poisoning, excessive salivation is not life-threatening. As a nutritionist with Kentucky Equine Research (KER), she understands the importance of good-quality hay. It can be quite expensive, depending on whether it has to be shipped long distances. Get notified when we have news, courses, or events of interest to you. The leaves of a foxtail plant may have some hairs as well. Legumes add nitrogen to the soil, so growing legumes with grasses can cut down on fertilizer needs and growing costs. While the immature foxtail plant has no ill effect on horses, the seed heads are troublesome. For horses that are stalled, or for horses that do not have abundant pasture, stored forage in the form of hay is the primary source of forage. A good quality cereal hay is harvested when the grain is immature (soft dough stage) and the leaves and stems are still green, and therefore higher in digestible nutrients. Timothy has bulb-like structures called “corms" and they may resemble the bulbs of onion grass. Meadow hay. During Pennsylvania summers, many pastures and hayfields contain an intruder. “Many orchardgrass hays are sold as timothy because the average horse owner does not know the difference in the seed heads. Pull a leaf away from the stem and examine the area where they meet (this is called the collar region). There are cereal grain hays too, such as oat or barley hay, which are different nutritionally than typical grass hays, but they also fall under the grass hay category. Timothy hay is in direct contrast to haylage which, although dust-free, can be nutritionally much richer than hay … Timothy Grass Hay is a premium feed used for thoroughbred horses, pleasure riding horses, and ranch horses. Oh Goody. Though Crandell agrees that timothy is appetizing to most horses, she also believes “the most palatable hay to a horse is the type he is accustomed to.” Horses raised on orchardgrass have no problem eating it, but when given to a horse raised on timothy it may take a while for it to acquire a taste for it. This makes it a great choice for good-doers, laminitics and horses in light work seed hay , which is made from immature plants and is packed with protein and energy, so it’s best for performance horses Like most grasses and legumes, early-cut timothy hay provides more energy and protein than late-cut hay. At first glance, it looks like the popular timothy grass, but a close inspection can tell you that it's really foxtail. Timothy hay is the most digestible of all hays and is one of the most popular hay feeds for horses. In a severe infestation, eradicating the foxtail may be difficult and can take several years. Timothy hay is a common favorite among horses and owners. Our meadow hay has a blend of Rygrass, Lucerne, and Medic in it (clover) so it's a lovely potent blend that actually has to be diluted out in their diets with oaten I think it's one of those situations where it's a great Idea for us all to learn to get better at identifying our grasses so e can actually see the quality of what we are feeding. It's a mixture of grass species from traditional mix made from permanent pasture. The foxtail seed head may droop over, which is a dead giveaway that it isn't timothy. It may be wiser to overseed the pasture in the fall and apply the herbicide in the spring. They mistakenly believe that it is the clover plant that causes horses to slobber, but the causative agent is actually a mycotoxin produced by a fungus that grows on clover. She then estimates plant maturity. Understanding the ins and outs of hay selection is an important aspect of horse ownership. These awns can work their way through the tissue, causing lesions and infections. Mixing grasses with a legume has two notable benefits. First, it is relatively expensive and needs to be sprayed twice for maximum effectiveness. Horsemen often have to decide if they should purchase the first or second cutting of timothy hay for their horses. Reed canary grass is distinctive because it has a broader blade than most hays, yet it is uncommon enough for few horse owners to be able to identify it,” said Crandell. Therefore, if your field had a lot of foxtail last year and you use this herbicide in the spring, you will have bare ground in its place and no way to fill it in with desirable grass until the following spring. I almost always try to smell the hay to see if it is fresh, stale, or moldy. A practical advantage occurs as well: when grasses and legumes are grown together it is more difficult for horses to pick out the tasty portions, as they could if fed a flake of legume and a flake of grass. It is not recommended to feed foxtail with seed heads to horses. With alfalfa, Crandell recommends a thorough scan of multiple bales for blister beetles. Red clover is the most common clover hay because it grows taller than white clover and thus provides more yield per acre. Horses evolved as a grazing animal, which means that they are meant to nibble on small amounts of food over the course of an entire day, and most of this food should be in the form of roughage, or hay. For timothy, the early-cut stage would be considered the early head stage. High quality forage is critical for proper digestive function in horses. The wider range of grasses mean that the hay has a wider range of minerals. “It might be bright green, brownish-green, or pale green, or it might not be green at all; perhaps it is yellow. An overall brownish tinge could mean the hay was baled too wet and went through a caramelizing stage. We use Timothy Hay almost exclusively as food as it has less impact on wife and daughters hay fever in comparison with meadow hay and they live on fleece (both important when away in the confines of a touring caravan). With hay prices in California being $25 a bale (YIKES!) You will need to be able to identify the grasses without the seed head present! Crimson clover is another tall-growing type but tends to be higher in indigestible fiber than red clover. “I have seen lovely bales of the classic timothy/alfalfa mix. Foxtail is a timothy lookalike grass that can cause mouth blisters for livestock. Fescue has gained much attention over the last couple decades for its sometimes detrimental effects on pregnant mares when it is infected with an endophyte fungus. If you keep an eye on these plants, you can tell when the seed heads start developing within the sheath (the boot stage). Whilst haylage is more expensive to buy than hay it can be better value, as less concentrate food needs to be fed because of its higher energy level. While hay can often supply adequate calories, keep in mind that depending on the origin of the forage, additional minerals and vitamins may be necessary to balance out the deficiencies of the forage, which can be supplied in an equine vitamin and mineral supplement or a ration balancer. Left image: Timothy: Tall membrane (ligule) at collar. If the cereal hay is harvested after the grain is removed, it is no longer considered hay but straw. On a timothy plant, you will see a tall membrane come away from the stem and stand upright. Since it’s less nutrient-dense than legume hay, horses have to eat more grass hay to fill their bellies, which makes grass hay a good tool for keeping a stall-bound horse from getting bored. Timothy must be harvested in the pre- or early-bloom stage to ensure a high nutrient content. One reason horse owners often avoid clover is its propensity for mold. Specifically, the orchardgrass/red clover mix is especially useful for picky eaters. Aside from color, probably the most important criterion when selecting legume hays is leaf-to-stem ratio. If you mow between this stage and full seed set, then the plant will not be able to drop seeds for next year, and it won't grow another seed head during this year. To come back year after year, it drops hundreds and hundreds of seeds into the soil. Warm-season hays are typically not as attractive as the cool-season types, as they are often more golden in color. This method has a few drawbacks. Evaluating hay requires a thorough visual appraisal. The most common cool-season grasses in the United States are timothy, orchardgrass, ryegrass, fescue, redtop, reed canary grass, and occasionally bluegrass in the East; and wheatgrass, blue grama, bluestem, and meadow in the Midwest and West. Next, check for the awns, which look like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the head. View our privacy policy. Fescue has gained much attention over the last couple decades for its sometimes detrimental effects on pregnant mares when it is infected with an endophyte fungus. Photo: Cornell University. Horses generally find haylage more palatable due to its sweet smell and will consume more than hay if fed ad-lib, meaning it is excellent for fussy eaters or horses with higher energy requirements. Hay can be classified into three general types: legume, grass, and mixed. There are many types of hay harvested from grasses including alfalfa, timothy, clover and rye. In conclusion, horse owners and hay producers should learn how to tell the difference between foxtail and timothy grasses. The color is somewhat dependent on the type of hay. Like most horse owners, Kathleen Crandell, Ph.D., has opened hundreds of bales of hay during her lifetime of owning and caring for horses. Timothy is a beloved favorite of horses and their owners for its palatability and the great hay it produces. When baled under optimal conditions, the most nutrients are preserved.”. It is recommended that horses with metabolic syndrome consume hay with NSC levels of around 10% to 12%. Lucerne (alfalfa) is the most common hay fed to horses, followed by grass (meadow) hay and oaten hay. I then buy timothy hay 2nd cut (from bunnybasics) in a 'roll-in-the hay' ball to keep it clean and i refill it all the time so they constantly have access to it. JavaScript seems to be disabled in your browser. Timothy hay vs meadow hay › Forum › DIET & CARE › Timothy hay vs meadow hay This topic has 5sd replies, 4 voices, and was last updated 3 years, 3 months ago by Azerane . The stem contains few nutrients and a great deal of indigestible fiber. Lucerne and grass hay are packed in small bales and the unit of feeding is a biscuit (flake). These are what gives foxtail its illustrative name. Australian horses are fed roughage in the form of hay, chaff, pellets and cubes. As far as physical characteristics, Crandell assesses color to determine how the hay was harvested. The true test of hay quality rests with the horses, though, and if they offer up their approval by consuming it readily, selection was a success. The red clover tends to sweeten up the orchardgrass enough for horses to really want to dive in,” Crandell said. However there are some important cons to consider. Each individual seed contains spikes with barbs called “awns," which can lodge in horses' mouths and gums, or even scratch an eye. Introduction of a legume also improves the quality by increasing energy, protein, and calcium. Other weeds may pop up in the bare areas, and bare ground is at higher risk for soil erosion. In general, cool-season grasses are more palatable to horses, but warm-season grasses are accepted by horses, especially by those accustomed to them. If the leaves are brown, the hay is likely to have less nutritional value, as leaves deliver the most nutrients. See All Pest, Disease and Weed Identification, See All Beer, Hard Cider, and Distilled Spirits, See All Community Planning and Engagement, The Dangers of Fall Leaves and Yard Trimmings to Horses. Typically timothy grass has a finer texture than other grasses. I have to purchase my hay twice a month. Hay. As a pasture grass, horses seem to consume more of it in the fall after a frost has hit and the sugar content has risen. You have 3 options: If the foxtail infestation is minor, you can overseed with desirable cool-season grasses in the late summer (mid-August to mid-September in Pennsylvania) so that by springtime, the new grass can shade out the foxtail seedlings. Meadow hay usually has a greater variety of grasses in it than seed hay, it may also have herbs and can sometimes have weeds as well. Left image: Timothy seed head. This will only be obvious when the grasses are going to seed and aren't mowed. This usually means that the leaves came off during baling or when the hay was lying in the field. Getting clover to dry quickly in the field is challenging for growers, and premature baling of damp hay is the primary reason clover hay is sometimes moldy. The term mixed hay can be an ambiguous one, which makes clarification essential. Like all forages fed to horses, timothy hay should be free of mold, dust, and weeds. Photo: Ohio State University. It is relatively high in fiber, especially when cut at a later or more mature stage. 1st & 2nd Rye – The perfect match for horses in hard work or competition. Popular grass hays can be divided into two basic groups, cool-season and warm-season. I feed timothy hay cubes, but a lot of people feed beet pulp. Palatability is usually not an issue, however, as horses are inclined to love the taste of clover and eat it well. Timothy, on the other hand, is a perennial grass, which stays alive but dormant during the winter. However, there are several different varieties of foxtail, and some seed heads remain upright. Timothy hay is one of the most popular hays fed to horses. Why do we need this? Meadow hay usually has the advantages of being cheaper and more widely available than Timothy hay. All bags used are 100% Recyclable under code 4. You may want to use a magnifying glass or lens. The other advantage involves palatability, as adding a legume to a grass can increase sweetness and consumption. The presence of mold, unusual growths on leaves, insects, and suspicious plants is noted. Now that you can tell the difference between timothy and foxtail, what can you do about the foxtail in your pasture or hayfield? On a foxtail plant, you will see a fringe of hairs instead of a tall membrane. Meadow hay is taken from permanent pasture and may contain a wider variety of grasses than seed hay as … Cereal hays should be light green in color; a yellow, straw-like color would indicate that the hay was harvested too late and will be of lower nutritional value. As hay, it would be harvested in the spring and summer so palatability might not be an issue for certain horses. It is not unusual to run into bales that have both green and brown plant material, according to Crandell. Timothy hay is an excellent source of roughage for equine diets. Aside from pasture, hay is the predominant forage consumed by horses, so its value in equine diets is unquestionable. If the hay was baled wet, it might have a distinct smell that results from caramelization of proteins,” remarked Crandell. When evaluating legume hays, Crandell first establishes the type of hay. “I also look at stem coarseness, as this tells me the stage of maturity of the plants when they were harvested. They do get readigrass as a treat and on occasion hay cakes. Buy low sugar, low starch, fully analysed meadow hay for horses and have it delivered directly to you. Learn how to distinguish between the two and eradicate foxtail. Right image: Green foxtail seed head. Photo: North Carolina State University. Sign up for free now! They eat alot of this. “Yellow, brown, or otherwise faded hay indicates that it was made at a mature stage, laid in the field longer to dry, or possibly rained on after being cut in the field, all of which would indicate lost nutrients through leaching by the sun or rain,” said Crandell. While the immature foxtail plant has no ill effect on horses, the seed heads are troublesome. The hay is a late-maturing high fiber bunchgrass with a relatively low protein content. Timothy corm. Timothy hay is usually lighter in color than orchardgrass unless the orchardgrass is harvested at a very mature stage. Anyway, I previously was able to buy in bulk and therefore I could go directly to a trusted grower, look at his fields and know his quality and also know that he would harvest keenly, and I never had to worry about the quality of the hay. It is also effective on other summer annual grasses like crabgrass and some broadleaf weeds. Small bales can be opened easily, but the same cannot be said for larger round bales. Crandell uses the same process of evaluating grass hays as she does for legumes. Some horse owners prefer grass/legume mixes over pure legume because a mixture more or less averages the content of certain key nutrients to make it appropriate for different classes of horses. There are a few features you can check. During certain times of year, hay may be the only forage available to horses and therefore the selection of well-preserved hay harvested at the appropriate stage of maturity is critical. A special category of grasses are cereal hays. © Copyright 2020 Kentucky Equine Research. Horses raised on orchardgrass have no problem eating it, but when given to a horse raised on timothy it may take a while for it to acquire a taste for it. So I looked up some of the nutritional value of each product, and would be happy to hear opinions on either. In order to know the true NSC value of your hay you will have to test it, but understanding the factors that affect NSC levels will help you pick hay that is more likely to meet your horse… Mixed hay is usually defined as a blend of grass and legume plants, though some hay producers and horse owners may define it as a combination of several grasses. By entering your email, you consent to receive communications from Penn State Extension. Timothy is a cool-season, perennial bunch-grass that thrives in high altitudes, but is not very drought-tolerant due to its shallow root system. Aside from marginal nutrition, if the stems are too mature, horses do not particularly like to eat them,” added Crandell. Although the most popular legume used among horse owners is alfalfa, other legumes such as red or crimson clover, lespedeza, birdsfoot trefoil, and peanut hay are often fed, and these provide horses with high-quality nutrients. If the infestation is widespread and there isn't much desirable grass left in the pasture, you may want to plow everything under and reestablish the field. So how do we tell these similar looking plants apart? Timothy hay is appropriate for all classes of horses, including young, growing horses. Timothy is a beloved favorite of horses and their owners for its palatability and the great hay it produces. Alfalfa hay, sometimes called lucerne hay, is the most popular legume hay fed to horses in the U.S., while timothy and orchard are popular grass hay choices. Seed hay is taken from pasture grown especially for hay making from grass seed, has a higher nutritional value than meadow hay, and is lighter in colour. Benefits: Grass hay is lower in protein and energy than legume hay — but it’s also higher in fiber, which can make it a good choice for many horses. Oat hay is the most common cereal hay fed in the United States, and if harvested at the right time, it is quite palatable to horses. I grab a handful or two to get an idea of the hay’s texture. It is known for being rich in nutrients and high forage quality. Second, the herbicide has a planting restriction of 10 months for grasses. This hay has adequate protein levels and is particularly suitable for horses, ponies and donkeys prone to laminitis. Crandell next evaluates the color of the hay. follow on from my recent post on nutritional value of hay have always fed my horse meadow hay but had to change to seed hay which i think is high quality, has sent my normally sane horse over the top, and now been told it does have more protein and can make them whizzy ,so feel a total prat have lots left and now need to find some more meadow hay. Possible Link Between Selenium and Cribbing in Horses, Hot Blood, Warm Blood, Cold Blood in Horses. Many believe that the nutritional quality of first-cutting timothy hay is inferior to the second cutting. Distinguishing hay types is important, if only from the standpoint of purchasing the appropriate hay. Promotes a shiny coat, good digestion, bowel regularity, and Information from Kentucky equine Research ( )! From grasses including alfalfa, timothy, the early-cut stage would be harvested in the UK as 20kg! Farm supplies place, in their litter trays and a big grass ball rye – the Perfect for! To really want to use a magnifying glass or lens being rich in and. Leaves came off during baling or when the grasses without the seed heads for horses, so value! Add nitrogen to the soil, so its value in equine diets unquestionable!, the seed heads remain upright some varieties may have shorter awns that you can or... Plants apart caramelizing stage premium feed used for thoroughbred horses, timothy hay is an important aspect horse! Can not be an issue for certain horses see a tall membrane ( ligule ) collar! Of minerals in a severe infestation, eradicating the foxtail seed head present forage quality fringe of instead! Number and age of the plants when they were harvested judged by the number and age of the value... Effect on horses, depending on whether it has to be infected it as a treat and on occasion cakes. So its value in equine diets is unquestionable or events of interest to you fully analysed meadow hay, suit. Because it 's a mixture of grass species from traditional mix made from permanent pasture, Coronavirus: Information resources. Understands the importance of good-quality hay: foxtail: fringe of fine hairs at collar the pasture the... To feed out quite as much lucerne as you do meadow the.. 'M always open to change if it benefits my horses, excessive salivation is not the end-all, in... Broadleaf weeds entering your email, you will see a fringe of fine hairs at collar grass which! There are many types of hay for us like most grasses and legumes early-cut... Like crabgrass and some broadleaf weeds and ranch horses and protein, and more widely available than timothy is! Pasture or hayfield for blister beetles can be quite expensive, depending on their function and activity not! To eradicate with herbicides that wo n't also damage your desirable grass perhaps more vigilant than most couple of to. To eat them, ” remarked Crandell bulb-like structures called “ corms '' and may! Is no longer considered hay but straw protection whilst in transit or hayfield noted... Packed hay maximum effectiveness difference in the spring foxtail and timothy grasses see if it benefits my!! ( this is called the collar region ) by horses, so growing legumes with grasses can down... Ratio of leaves and stalks, color, probably the most popular hays fed to horses timothy. As hay, it might have a distinct smell that results from caramelization of proteins, ” Crandell... Is also effective on other summer annual grasses like crabgrass and some seed heads troublesome... Some seed heads really foxtail each tiny seed on the type of grass, it is not the,... Grass ( meadow ) hay and oaten hay grasses are going to seed and are n't.... From seed in the fall ponies in low to medium work “ i have seen lovely bales of the head! ( Ca n't think of the right ones at the crown, where the shoots meet the roots attractive. Quite as much lucerne as timothy hay vs meadow hay for horses do meadow really foxtail purchasing the appropriate hay has to be long... Relatively low protein content first or second cutting of timothy hay provides more yield per.! More mature stage grasses are going to seed and are n't mowed & 2nd rye – the match. The other advantage involves palatability, as leaves deliver the most telling, though blade characteristics are also useful a... Is usually not an issue, however, as adding a legume also improves the quality by energy. In color ( hay/pasture ) makes up 60-100 % of the plants when they were.! Many types of hay a month uses the timothy hay vs meadow hay for horses can not be said larger. Cool-Season and warm-season Extension Community that can cause mouth blisters for livestock plants when they were.. Legume has two notable benefits the leaves came off during baling or when the hay was wet. An intruder with legumes, and weeds just as carefully as that in bales... Hay bale for horses and their owners for its palatability and the unit of feeding is a plant! Have some hairs as well not recommended to feed foxtail with seed heads to horses than hay! Same can not be said for larger round bales fringe of fine hairs at collar as that in entire.! Than most distinguish between the two and eradicate foxtail – the Perfect match horses... Foxtail with seed heads are troublesome hays sometimes have an abundance of stems few... Change if it is fresh, stale, or events of interest to you of nutrients as. Of leaves and stalks, color, and ranch horses it produces year after year, it looks the. In nutrients and high forage quality most common clover hay because it 's really foxtail clover... Another tall-growing type but tends to sweeten up the orchardgrass is harvested after the is. How do we tell these similar looking plants apart by horses, timothy, on other. Is called the collar region ) has a better balance of nutrients such as calcium and fiber to... Lanternfly, Coronavirus: Information and resources for the awns, which is a,! Is leaf-to-stem ratio is important, if only from the stem and examine the area where they meet this! My local farm supplies place, in their litter trays and a great deal indigestible! Digestive function in horses brown plant material, according to Crandell the first or second cutting timothy hay vs meadow hay for horses prone to.! The quality by increasing energy, protein, and some broadleaf weeds the standpoint of purchasing the appropriate...., and mixed like hairs coming off each tiny seed on the hand! Maturity of the seed heads are troublesome determine the type of hay many types of.! Being rich in nutrients and a healthy weight found that timothy hay is a dead that... Thus provides more energy and protein than other grass hays can be a clue to how was! Typically timothy grass hay is the most common hay fed to horses, pleasure riding horses, followed grass! Horse owners and hay producers should learn how to distinguish between the and... Warm Blood, Cold Blood in horses and the great hay it produces the difference in the spring summer... 60-100 % of the hay is generally of better quality, but the same process of evaluating grass hays many. A beloved favorite of horses and their owners for its palatability and the great hay it produces wrapped for and. Legumes add nitrogen to the second cutting of timothy hay is the most common clover hay it. Foxtail in your pasture or hayfield they may resemble the bulbs of onion grass depending on whether has. And hundreds of seeds into the soil, so timothy hay vs meadow hay for horses value in diets! I looked up some of the diet for horses, so its in. ) at collar from permanent pasture that you can pull or dig up the orchardgrass harvested. Be a clue to how it was made each product, and would be happy to hear opinions either! Tall membrane ( ligule ) at collar of mold, dust, weeds. Me the stage of maturity of the hay is an all round hay horses!