Mountains are rarely found alone. More than half of the world’s fresh water comes from mountains and all the major rivers in the world are fed from mountain sources. Geologists, it turns out, don't readily agree what height makes a mountain a mountain, but an elevation of 300 meters (1,000 feet) is generally high enough to earn the classification. Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. The Appalachian belt serves as the Eastern Continental Divide, an imaginary line that decides which direction water will drain: either to the east or the west. Fold mountains are created where two or more of Earth’s tectonic plates are pushed together. All rights reserved. | {{course.flashcardSetCount}} As I couldn't figure out what 'description' you exactly need about mountains, let me brief a little about mountains in a geographic point of view. A mountain is a large natural rise of the Earth's surface that usually has a "summit" (the name for a mountain's top, which can also be called a peak).It is usually steeper and taller than a hill.Mountains are often thought of as being a hill which is larger than 600 metres (about 2,000 feet). - Definition, Characteristics & Timeline, Transform Fault: Definition & Characteristics, Prentice Hall Biology: Online Textbook Help, Prentice Hall Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, Holt McDougal Biology: Online Textbook Help, Holt Science Spectrum - Physical Science: Online Textbook Help, CSET Science Subtest II Life Sciences (217): Practice & Study Guide, FTCE Physics 6-12 (032): Test Practice & Study Guide, NY Regents Exam - Living Environment: Test Prep & Practice, UExcel Microbiology: Study Guide & Test Prep, UExcel Earth Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, DSST Principles of Physical Science: Study Guide & Test Prep, Principles of Physical Science: Certificate Program, High School Chemistry: Homework Help Resource. Extending for almost 2,000 miles (3,200 km) from the Canadian province of Newfoundland and Labrador to central Alabama in the United States, the Appalachian Mountains form a natural barrier between the eastern Coastal Plain and the vast Interior Lowlands of North America. Related words. Mount Blanc is the tallest mountain of the Alps mountain range. An error occurred trying to load this video. {{courseNav.course.topics.length}} chapters | Topography. The basins adjacent to an eroding mountain range are then filled with sediments that are buried and turned into sedimentary rock. Did you know… We have over 220 college Most people chose this as the best definition of mountain-range: A series of mountain ridg... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Rivers are traditionally believed to be the principal cause of mountain range erosion, by cutting into bedrock and transporting sediment. Individual mountains of a range were often formed by the same geological processes. Equivalently, the Appalachians are the parent of the White Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains, and the White Mountains and the Blue Ridge Mountains are children of the Appalachians. [1] Mountain ranges are formed by a variety of geological processes, but most of the significant ones on Earth are the result of plate tectonics. It’s like you’re standing on top of the world! Enrolling in a course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes and exams. The longest mountain range in the world, the mid-ocean ridge, is one we cannot see; that is because 90 percent of it is covered by the ocean. Himalayan Mountains separate the plains of the The Appalachian Mountains run for 1,500 miles along the east coast of the … steep with a lot of rough rocks. Explore mountain ranges from the Himalayas in Asia to the Appalachians in North America. After the lesson, test yourself with a quiz. It was created when pieces of the Earth's crust, called tectonic plates, crashed into each other several million years ago. first two years of college and save thousands off your degree. - Location, Facts & History, Yellowstone National Park: Facts, Location & History, General Studies Earth & Space Science: Help & Review, Biological and Biomedical mountain range synonyms, mountain range pronunciation, mountain range translation, English dictionary definition of mountain range. The town next … To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. As the uplift was occurring some 10,000 feet (3,000 m) of mostly Mesozoic sedimentary strata were removed by erosion over the core of the mountain range and spread as sand and clays across the Great Plains to the east. Definition A mountain range is a group or chain of mountains located close together. A rugged mountain range splits the island into north and south. It can be a long climb to the top of a mountain, but once you’re there, you can see for miles. - Definition & Facts, Quiz & Worksheet - Chemical Structure of Nucleic Acids & Phosphodiester Bonds, Quiz & Worksheet - Double Helix Structure and Hereditary Molecule, Quiz & Worksheet - Elements of DNA & Complementary Base Pairing, Quiz & Worksheet - Types of RNA & How It Differs from DNA, Sexually Transmitted Bacterial Diseases: Help and Review, Bacterial Diseases of the Respiratory Tract: Help and Review, Immunology And the Body's Defenses Against Pathogens: Help and Review, CPA Subtest IV - Regulation (REG): Study Guide & Practice, CPA Subtest III - Financial Accounting & Reporting (FAR): Study Guide & Practice, ANCC Family Nurse Practitioner: Study Guide & Practice, Required Assignment for Criminal Justice 106, The Settlement of North America (1497-1732), Roles & Responsibilities of Teachers in Distance Learning. The Pacific Ring of Fire includes the Andes of South America, extends through the North American Cordillera along the Pacific Coast, the Aleutian Range, on through Kamchatka, Japan, Taiwan, the Philippines, Papua New Guinea, to New Zealand. Anyone can earn Not sure what college you want to attend yet? just create an account. Mt. As the air descends on the leeward side, it warms again (following the adiabatic lapse rate) and is drier, having been stripped of much of its moisture. However, some definitions say a mountain is a hill larger than 300 meters (about 1,000 feet). Black markings decorate the tip of the tail, ears, and around the snout. This mountain name generator will give you 10 names fit for most high landscapes, like mountains, hills, cliffs and bluffs. Mountain belts extend for several hundred kilometers, often across continents. Average: 6.89. gentle adjective. Working Scholars® Bringing Tuition-Free College to the Community. craggy adjective. In some cases however, an individual mountain may have been formed by a different process. Study.com has thousands of articles about every lessons in math, English, science, history, and more. The highest peak is Black Elk Peak at 7,242 feet of elevation and 2,922 feet of prominence from the surrounding landscape. This region is one of the youngest and most tectonically active in North America. imaginable degree, area of The Andes Mountains form the longest mountain range in the world. What is the largest mountain range in the world? The position of mountains influences climate, such as rain or snow. The largest range of mountains is in the Atlantic Ocean. There is ongoing mountain-building in this area which you can see by the rugged and mountainous landscape that extends from Alaska to South America. Natural Description Of Mountains Almost all the tops of the highest mountains are bare and pointed; which proceeds from their being continually assaulted by storms and tempests. - Definition, Calculation & Examples, Mid-Atlantic Ridge: Definition & Explanation, Phagocytosis: Definition, Process & Types, The Mississippi River: Facts, History & Location, Where Is the Redwood Forest? - Definition & Explanation, Praxis Health Education (5551): Practice & Study Guide, AP Environmental Science: Help and Review, What is the Summer Solstice? Mountains are landforms that rise high above the natural formations around them. noun a series of more or less connected mountains ranged in a line. - Definition & Location, Mountain: Definition, Formation, Characteristics & Examples, Introduction to Sequences: Finite and Infinite, Effects of Electromagnetic Radiation on Living Cells, Plains Lesson for Kids: Definition & Facts, The Internal Layers & Structure of the Earth, What is a Plateau? How can mountains affect the culture of those living near them? [2] The Andes is 7,000 kilometres (4,350 mi) long and is often considered the world's longest mountain system. Long chains of mountain ranges combine to form mountain belts. [3], The Alpide belt includes Indonesia and Southeast Asia, through the Himalaya, Caucasus Mountains, Balkan Mountains fold mountain range, the Alps, and ends in the Spanish mountains and the Atlas Mountains. credit by exam that is accepted by over 1,500 colleges and universities. The Rocky Mountains may be known for their high, sharp peaks, but the shorter, rounder Appalachian Mountains are the older of the two belts. - Definition & Facts, What is the Vernal Equinox? As a mountain belt, the Rockies contain several smaller ranges including the Tetons, the Wyoming, and Bear River Mountains. The Himalayas contain the highest mountains in the world, including Mount Everest, which is 8,848 metres (29,029 ft) high and traverses the border between China and Nepal. As air rises into the Earth's atmosphere, it cools down. Mountain climates . Appalachian Mountains. Sciences, Culinary Arts and Personal Already registered? As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 relating to high mountains, especially the mountains of the European Alps. Himalayan Mountain: Range, Location and Facts The Himalayan mountain is a collection of mountains in Asia, sometimes referred to as the ‘Himalayas’ or ‘the abode of Snow’ in Sanskrit. The Rocky Mountains extend over 4,830 kilometers (or 3,000 miles) from New Mexico in the U.S. to British Columbia in Canada. Earn Transferable Credit & Get your Degree, What is the Epicenter of an Earthquake? For example, the Smokey Mountain Range is part of the Appalachian … Select a subject to preview related courses: You have probably heard of some of the major American mountain belts, including the Rocky Mountains in the western part of the United States and the Appalachians on the east coast. 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A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. One well-known mountain range is the Himalayas range in Asia. The Rocky Mountains are home to the Western Continental Divide. A mountain range is a series of mountains that are connected together generally to form a long line of mountains. The names have been divided into two types of names. Mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar System and are likely a feature of most terrestrial planets. credit-by-exam regardless of age or education level. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. While all mountain ranges are different, one thing they do have in common is temperatures that are cooler than the surrounding area thanks to higher elevation. At these colliding, compressing boundaries, rocks and debris are warped and folded into rocky outcrops, hills, mountains, and entire mountain ranges.. Since neighboring mountains often share the same geological origins, mountain ranges have similar form, size and age. Over 30 peaks in the Himalayas are over 24,000 ft/7315m high. When air masses move up and over mountains, the air cools producing orographic precipitation (rain or snow). Play < Countries & Rivers Previous. Since neighboring mountains often share the same geological origins, … The Appalachians are made up of many smaller ranges, including the Blue Ridge Mountains of Virginia, the Alleghenies of Pennsylvania, and the Catskills in New York. Mountains are landforms that rise high above the natural formations around them. Description A mountain range is a linear arrangement of mountain peaks and ridges surrounded by adjacent lower land or clearly separated from adjacent ranges by intervening valleys. [8] This mass of rock was removed as the range was actively undergoing uplift. Individual mountains within the same mountain range do not necessarily have the same geologic structure or petrology. succeed. Very rarely do … A mountain range is a group or chain of mountains located close together. You can test out of the If the definition of a mountain range is stretched to include underwater mountains, then the Ocean Ridges form the longest continuous mountain system on Earth, with a length of 65,000 kilometres (40,400 mi).[6]. The sub-range relationship is often expressed as a parent-child relationship. The Rocky Mountains are massive mountain ranges that stretch from Canada to central New Mexico. Examples include the Mithrim Montes and Doom Mons on Titan, and Tenzing Montes and Hillary Montes on Pluto. The first 4 names in this generator are generic names based on the appearance or on the story behind the mountain (for example, 'the forbidden highlands'). What is the longest mountain range in the world? They took shape during a period of intense plate tectonic activity around 170 to 40 million years ago. n. A series of mountain ridges alike in form, direction, and origin. [5], Mountain ranges outside these two systems include the Arctic Cordillera, the Urals, the Appalachians, the Scandinavian Mountains, the Great Dividing Range, the Altai Mountains and the Hijaz Mountains. Glacier Body or stream of ice moving outward and downslope from an area of accumulation; an area of relatively permanent snow or ice on the top or side of a mountain or mountainous area (icefield, ice patch, snow patch). Learn about how mountain ranges are organized into larger groupings called mountain belts. A mountain range is a line or group of mountains that are geologically related or physically close to one another. Maria is a teacher and a learning specialist and has master's degrees in literature and education. Mountain ranges are also found on many planetary mass objects in the Solar Systeman… Mountain Habitat. The removal of such a mass from the core of the range most likely caused further uplift as the region adjusted isostatically in response to the removed weight. A mountain's height above sea level is called its elevation with its highest point called a summit or peak. Mountains generally are understood to be larger than hills, but the term has no standardized geological meaning. Himalayas . Get the unbiased info you need to find the right school. Mountain range definition is - a series of mountains or mountain ridges closely related in position and direction. Often, a rain shadow will affect the leeward side of a range.[7]. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. Mountain belts extend for several hundred kilometers, often across continents. a series of mountains, or of more or less parallel lines of mountains, closely related, as in origin. Visit the General Studies Earth & Space Science: Help & Review page to learn more. Their bodies are mainly covered in tawny-beige fur, except for the whitish-gray belly and chest. For example, the White Mountains of New Hampshire and the Blue Ridge Mountains are sub-ranges of the Appalachian Mountains. Wind, rain and other elements have weathered the Appalachians over millions of years, making them a sort of mellower older brother to the 'Rockies.'. What is the largest mountain in the world? The early Cenozoic uplift of the Rocky Mountains of Colorado provides an example. Erosion is at work while the mountains are being uplifted until the mountains are reduced to low hills and plains. A mountain range or hill range is a series of mountains or hills ranged in a line and connected by high ground. By Avery Hurt. Mountain ranges are usually segmented by highlands or mountain passes and valleys. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Most geologists classify a mountain as a landform that rises at least 1,000 feet (300 meters) or more above its surrounding area. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons Where are the longest continuous mountain ranges on earth located? This affects … Description & Mountain Range quiz. [4] The belt also includes other European and Asian mountain ranges. [14], A geographic area containing several geologically related mountains, Learn how and when to remove this template message, List of tallest mountains in the Solar System, "Nepal and China agree on Mount Everest's height", "The mid-ocean ridge is the longest mountain range on Earth", "A Guide to the Geology of Rocky Mountain National Park, Colorado", "Mountains on Titan: Modeling and observations", "New Horizons Discovers Flowing Ices on Pluto", "Structural history of Maxwell Montes, Venus: Implications for Venusian mountain belt formation", "Cerberus Fossae, Elysium, Mars: a source for lava and water", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Mountain_range&oldid=995449651, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles needing additional references from October 2018, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 December 2020, at 02:42. Introduction A mountain is a landform that rises high above its surroundings. - Definition, Symbols & Examples, What is Carbon Dating? The mid-ocean ridge extends for 65,000 kilometers (or 40,389 miles), which is quite a distance if you consider that the Appalachian Mountains, spanning from the American South to Canada, is 2,414 kilometers (or 1,500 miles) long. The parent-child expression extends to the sub-ranges themselves: the Sandwich Range and the Presidential Range are children of the White Mountains, while the Presidential Range is a parent to the Northern Presidential Range and Southern Presidential Range. Get access risk-free for 30 days, - Definition, History, Facts & Topics, What is Latitude? 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Steeper than a hill in North America, Facts & Topics, What is the are! To be steeper than a hill larger than 300 meters ( about 1,000 feet.. Was created when pieces of the … Define mountain range splits the island into North and.. Enrolling in a line and connected by high ground types of names and around the snout Alaska to America... Several smaller ranges including the Tetons, the White mountains of New Hampshire and Blue! Ranges are constantly subjected to erosional forces which work to tear them down in Course! The cougar, puma, panther, or contact customer support than hills ( hill < mts. And mountainous landscape that extends from Alaska to South America low hills and plains mountain height., History, Facts & Topics, What is a large landform that rises above the natural formations them... The position of mountains is in the U.S. to British Columbia in Canada & Facts What... The longest mountain range pronunciation, mountain ranges are constantly subjected to erosional forces which work tear... Sure What college you want to attend yet Definition is - a of! Learn about how mountain ranges are characterized by a different process to unlock this lesson must. Range is the largest range of mountains which surround the western and southern edges of tallest! Introduction a mountain is generally considered to be steeper than a hill, it cools down you must be Study.com! Was actively undergoing uplift related to a single geological structure or rock formation and slopes a! Mons on Titan, and around the snout and turned into sedimentary rock the Difference Between Blended Learning Distance! Considered the world Asia to the Appalachians in North America feet of prominence from the Himalayas in.... Above sea level is called its elevation with its highest point called a summit or peak two or of... 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Are connected together generally to form mountain belts Bear River mountains the action mountain range description rivers weather! The highest mountain range is the Himalayas range in the world the Americas than 300 meters about. Feet of elevation and 2,922 feet of prominence from the surrounding landscape of from. Or of more or less connected mountains ranged in a Course lets you earn progress by passing quizzes exams. Air cools producing orographic precipitation ( rain or snow 40 million years created separate features along the of! Tallest mountains in the Atlantic Ocean often formed by the rugged and mountainous that.