Psychology Definition of SELF-UNDERSTANDING: Attain the insight into your attitudes, motives, defences, reactions, weaknesses and strengths. In simple terms, the body, which is the seat of reason or intellect, allows the self to think, analyze, understand, and interpret reality. If you don’t understand yourself, your efforts will be lost, and spent on things that are actually not under you control. This is because Plato’s concept of the self is practically constructed on the basis of his reflections on the nature of the rational soul as the highest form of cognition. The notion of self in Confucian thought is very similar to what Ames expresses in above quote, and to the understanding of self in our examples of the Maori. The wise writer Jiddu Krishnamurti once wrote, “If you begin to understand what you are without trying to change it, then what you are undergoes a transformation.” The root of all change starts with self-understanding. The phenomenal self, therefore, serves as the springboard for the actualization of the noumenal self. - understanding ourselves is through internal questioning or introspection (understanding our strengths and weaknesses, like vs. dislike) - use socratic method or socratic conversation (role of both the teacher and the Hence, for Plato, the concepts of the self and knowledge are inextricably linked. PHILOSOPHY - study of the fundamental nature of knowledge, reality, and existence, especially in an academic discipline. There are two concepts, One is spiritual and the other is learning about why you do the things you do. Self-actualization is typically discussed in conjunction with Maslow’s hierarchy of needs, which posits that self-actualization … Evidence for this is legion. In fact, more than anything else, it is the different understanding of self that defines and separates the two schools. In this way, the human person can have an idea of her noumenal self. Buddhism views realization as an awakening to the true reality. The self is irreducibly social. Psychologist Abraham Maslow's theory of self-actualization contends that individuals are motivated to fulfill their potential in life. From a classical sociological perspective, the self is a relatively stable set of perceptions of who we are in relation to ourselves, others, and to social systems. Very basically, Theravada considers anatman to mean that an individual's ego or personality is a fetter and delusion. In Jainism, self-realization is the removal of all artificial layers of personality and understanding the true self and the nature of reality. Plato conceives of the self as a knower. Also called self-awareness. Hinduism defines realization as the knowledge of one’s true self that is beyond delusion and the confines of the material phenomena. 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