Response: The Catholic Bible contains all the books that have traditionally been accepted by … So they took it upon themselves to translate those books, that they all agreed were worthy of being considered divinely inspired Scripture. Why do Catholics have more books in their Bible? The Septuagint was a Greek version of the Hebrew Bible, which was translated for Jews when the Greeks had Hellenized much of the area. BQSA Why Does the Catholic Bible Have More Books? Why Does the Catholic Bible Have More Books? one waits, hopes…the door is shut and can be…, My Jesus, by the pain You did endure when Your Left hand was pierced with the nail, give me true…. I assert that all of the scholarly academic opinions in the world do not justify removing books from the Old Testament that all Christians had used for fifteen centuries! As Catholics, we are lucky to have the Church guide us with the knowledge of tradition and scholarship that we ourselves might otherwise not have! Dr. Scott Hahn’s RSV Ignatius Catholic Study Bible Old Testament and New Testament (Amazon affiliate link) have extensive footnotes. Judaism decided on its canon in the first century AD although, much like Christians, they had been using a Bible long before then. Mark the season of Advent by loving and…. First of all, Catholics don’t believe that Saints are infallible. Or should the real question be "Why do Protestant Bibles have fewer books? All written contents on this blog are copyrighted by Shane Schaetzel. The Catholic Church didn’t add books. Jesus spoke Aramaic, the New Testament was written in Greek, and we’ve already discussed the apostles’ use of the Septuagint. There are plenty out there. With all that comes much credibility. We can speculate about Martin Luther’s reasons. More answers to questions such as these can be found in the book “Are Catholics Christian? We use it at the beginning and end of…. Some Bible publishers agree, and have begun to reprint them in various ways. The Protestant Reformers took them out. Common points of confusion (and resources to answer them): Anyone who believes in a sacred text should have good reason to trust it. Why Should an Evangelical Become Catholic? Why does the Catholic Bible have more books in it? They both consist of exactly twenty-seven (27) books, Matthew through Revelation, with no distinction whatsoever. And, t… Why Does the Catholic Bible Have More Books? The contents of this blog are not necessarily the opinions of any Catholic parish, diocese, jurisdiction, priest, bishop, cardinal, pope or King Jesus himself. Jesus however, did not look down upon them, and considered them just as much his people as any local Aramaic-speaking Jew (John 10:16). This year, let’s focus on each devotion month-by-month to…, Many believe that the Middles Ages were Dark Ages, a black abyss that divided the classical Greek and Roman antiquity…, The Sign of the Cross is the most common Catholic prayer. Jerome and Augustine are saints, but like every saint, they are only human, so their different conclusions should not scandalize us. Some have placed them in separate sections called “apocrypha” meaning “disputed,” and others have simply placed them back into the Old Testament in their original order with a notation that these books are from the Septuagint (Deuterocanon) and not found in the Tanakh (Protocanon). Why Does The Catholic Bible Have 7 More Books Than The Protestant Bible? May I suggest choosing a non-abridged version? This is not due to indifference — which is not the way ecclesiastics of that time reacted to such matters. The first Protestant to remove books from the Old Testament canon was none other than Martin Luther, the “father” of the Reformation himself. There are many English Bible versions on the market today. The longer Old Testament script is simply to “cover all the bases” which isn’t a bad thing at all, but in the West, Rome likes to settle these issues definitively. Why does the Catholic Bible have more books than the Protestant Bible? Martin Luther would justify his rejection of the deuterocanonical books based on St. Jerome’s decision to follow the Hebrew Bible, but Luther failed to acknowledge Jerome’s subsequent reversal and submission to authority. What canon do we trust? Well actually, when you know the history, it’s a bit more complicated than that. The truth is the truth, so we might as well just face it. Of course, this really isn’t a big issue for some Christians. Only the apostles and bishops of the early Church had the authority to determine the Christian Old Testament canon, and the modern Catholic Church has authoritatively affirmed this in the Council of Trent (AD 1545-1564) by continuing to use the same Septuagint (Deuterocanon) the apostles preached from in their sermons and quoted from in their writings. Catholics have 73 books of the Bible; Protestants have 66. Does that authority belong to a handful of 16th century Protestant theologians? Why the Catholic Bible has More Books. What differs between Catholic Bibles and Protestant Bibles is the Old Testament. For example; one common academic reason why they ignore the seven additional books of the Greek Septuagint (Deuterocanon), is that they were allegedly not written in Hebrew. This weeks podcast we discuss King David’s desire to give to the Lord. “Knowledge of history is the end of Protestantism.” That’s what Saint John Henry Newman said, that famous Anglican convert to the Catholic Church. Why Catholic Bibles are Bigger (Amazon affiliate link) by Gary G. Michuta (Revised Second Edition), A great video of Gary Michuta on EWTN Catholic Answers. If it is, we’ve all got some editing to do, because every Protestant has these books in his/her Bible. Rather, the control of Judaism transferred to the Pharisees gradually, over a period of decades, starting from the fall of the Jerusalem Temple (AD 67-70) to the Bar Kochba Rebellion (AD 132-136) and thereafter. Martin Luther too appreciated the sources, if you will, and thus raised again the question: if we do not have Hebrew sources for the deuterocanonical books, why should we accept them as scripture? In this way, every Christian has the Bible first from God, Who inspired its authors, but also thanks to Sacred Tradition (and the Catholic Church) which preserved the canon. In the sixteenth century, the council of Trent decided that the books known as the apocrypha among the Protestants were 'deuterocanonical'. Okay, so if New Testament quotation is a criteria of Scriptural canonicity, then I guess we are going to have to exclude the following books as well, because they too were never quoted by Jesus or the apostles…. (RegnumDeiPress.Com), and his articles have been featured on LifeSiteNews, ChurchMilitant, The Remnant Newspaper, Forward in Christ, and Catholic Online. To understand, we have to go back in history — way back — to the first and second century AD, to the time of Jesus and the apostles. He didn’t like what they supported, and they supported Catholic teaching (i.e. For example; the Talmud, the most authoritative book on Jewish traditions and interpretations specifically quotes the Septuagint (Deuterocanon) Book of Sirach as Scripture…. faithfirst December 29, 2008, 3:08am #1. Shane is the author of "Are Catholics Christian?" They are solely the opinions of the blogger, who is a faithful and orthodox Catholic. As I enter into prayer today, I will take…, The beauty of each narrative found in the Sacred Scriptures lies in the fact that there are always, in reality,…, Life in a prison cell may well be compared to advent. In general, there was only the Catholic bible canon until Martin Luther started the Protestant Reformation in the 16th century. The rabbis of the first century considered it to have equal authority as the Hebrew and Aramaic versions. Thus, it was a bit longer than the canon of Scripture used by the Pharisees — Tanakh (Protocanon) — and considerably shorter than the canon of Scripture used by the Esseans. All it takes is two or three such requests, from different people, and I guarantee it won’t be long before they start carrying them on their shelves. The Catholic answer is to choose the last of the three. Unfortunately, many Christians uncritically accept the lie that the Catholic Church added 7 books, which doesn’t square with the evidence. I write this not only in defense of the Catholic position on the length of the Old Testament canon, but also in genuine concern for my Protestant brethren in Christ, many who have been denied seven books from the Old Testament and additional chapters of Esther and Daniel. Didn’t the Catholic Church Add to the Bible? 413,918 Visitors Have Viewed This Blog So Far. I don’t need to. Did you enjoy this post? Everlasting Father, all the earth worships Thee…. We make this distinction between "commonly" and "formally" because the simple reality is that the modern Eastern Orthodox Church does not possess a formal, universally-approved Biblical canon. This was probably because certain passages from the Old Testament, particularly in the Second Book of Maccabees (2nd Maccabees 12:44-46), were being used to back up the Catholic teaching on Purgatory. Historically, you can see the Catholic Church was neither trying to “pull a fast one” on Christians just to back-up an arbitrary theology, nor is there any historical sentiment that the deuterocanonical books are in some way not salutary to read. Shane is an Evangelical convert to the Catholic Church through Anglicanism and was trained as a catechist through the University of Dayton - a Catholic Marianist Institution. As to why the Catholics have more books, it is a matter of ecclesiastical history. Apparently, it was the early Church fathers who heavily influenced what books would be in the Bible and what books would be rejected. It would be impossible for a human to record—or even to know as a finite being—everything about an infinite God. Check it with real history books and see for yourself. It is true that there are some additional books (such as 3 & 4 Maccabees) which are commonly (but not necessarily formally) found in modern, published Eastern Orthodox Old Testaments. Finally, there was a very large number of Jews living in diaspora around the Mediterranean world. The Catholic Church didn’t add books. Get To Know The Young People Of The Bible, 6 Things You Didn’t Know About St. Augustine, Discernment: God Will Tell You When To Turn. Again, look it up in any history book on the topic and see for yourself. Christians used the deuterocanonical books from their beginnings because they were part of the Septuagint, which was used by the apostles, Early Church Fathers, and even Jews before the time of Christ. That’s how the Protestant Old Testament was shortened. Rather, there is some confusion among Eastern Orthodox as to which books properly constitute the canon of the Bible. Watch Later Remove Cinema Mode. All in all, well before the Council of Trent, the Church was reviewing and defending the canon it used based on apostolic tradition and the scholarly inquiries of leaders. We’ll take a look at that today. Protestants have shorter Old Testaments because the leaders of the Protestant Reformation removed books from the Old Testament. Evangelii Gaudium! Bible means “book,” and it is a collection of books from different lands, authors, languages and historical periods, a text by which to pass on our faith. The Church needed the Early Church Fathers, Sacred Tradition, and councils to help fight heresy and declare the canon based on the teaching of Jesus and His Apostles as well as the guidance of the Holy Spirit. Catholics have forty-six (46) books in the Old Testament, while Protestants have only thirty-nine (39). We can be confident that the books in the bible, as ratified by the Catholic Church, are truly inspired by the Holy Spirit for our salvation. Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window), Are Catholics Christian? More can be learned here: http://www.catholicbridge.com/orthodox/why-orthodox-bible-is-different-from-catholic.php. There were plagues, and wars, as well as tyrants and injustices, but it was not the “dark ages.” All of these things exist today as well. Finding a trustworthy canon and translation is so important. Protestants, on the other hand, call them apocrypha and don’t consider them Scripture in the sense that they can defend teaching, though they are often considered holy and good to read. Now in the years that followed the destruction of the Jerusalem Temple (AD 70), with the Saducee Party defunct, and the Essean party extinct, the party of the Pharisees gained control of mainstream Judaism. But the Church later reaffirmed the Christian canon of Scripture as the current Catholic one that includes the deuterocanonicals, and St. Jerome submitted willingly to this authoritative decision. Luther then moved seven books from the Old Testament out of what he considered the authorized canon, and into a separate section he called “apocrypha” meaning “disputed.” He also took chapters out of Esther and Daniel and moved them into this same apocrypha section. October 16th and 17th (in the post- and pre-conciliar liturgical calendars, respectively) mark the feast of St. Margaret Mary Alacoque…. So the Protestants compiled a version of the Bible that lacked the deuterocanonicals, while the Catholic Church explicitly affirmed their status as sacred scripture at the Council of Trent. Everyone had to know at least enough Greek to get by, and if you wanted any reasonable success in this ancient world, you had to be a proficient speaker of it. Is it because of Martin Luther’s reformation and … This list was not challenged until Martin Luther threw out 7 books. That’s it! The difference between the Catholic and Protestant Bibles specifically centers around the Old Testament and the Old Testament alone. BQSA Are We Saints or Sinners? You have reached the end of this Article Preview To continue reading, subscribe now. Also, read St. Augustine’s On Christian Doctrine and other Early Church Fathers who reference and/or defend the deuterocanonical works. Protestants also have shorter versions of the books of Daniel and Esther. (As if God only speaks in Hebrew. Yes, they did quote from the Hebrew/Aramaic Tanakh (Protocanon) as well, but the majority of their quotations come from the Greek Septuagint (Deuterocanon). Do NOT follow this link or you will be banned from the site! Even some of the academic reasons they cite implode after closer examination. Before the set formation of the Christian Bible there were books which the Hebrews generally rejected as Scripture, but which most of Catholicism accepted as Scripture, resulting in a 73 books OT canon, though an indisputable canon was not provided by Roman Catholicism until after the … Permission to copy and redistribute can be obtained simply by contacting the blogger. Lastly, we close out talking about another podcast to watch out for in the coming months from us here at The Wayfinder Network. While all 66 books found in Protestant Bibles are also found in the Catholic Bible, the Catholic Bible also contains other books, and additions to books. 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